Monday, October 25, 2010

Reliability Testing

Reliability tests are designed to confirm whether the software will work in the expected environment for an acceptable amount of time without degradation. It is quite difficult to perform reliability testing effectively and generally it becomes more & more difficult due to the lack of clear requirements.

What is the meaning of Reliability?

First of all let us understand the meaning of reliability; reason being, reliability is generally less understood as compared to other quality attributes like functionality, performance, and security.

Reliability describes the ability of the software product to perform its required functions under stated conditions for a specified period of time or for a specified number of operations. Thus while talking about reliability, we consider following two important factors

1) "Doing what?" (Stated conditions)

2) "For how long?" (Time or operations)

Reliability is measured by a specific failure intensity metric, like the mean time between failures (MTBF). Software that fails on average once a week is considered less reliable than software that fails once a month. We need to differentiate between the severity of those failures and the conditions under which the software was operating (the "doing what?" element of the reliability definition).

How can we increase the Software Reliability?

Software reliability can be improved by programming practices that "catch" error conditions as they occur and handle them in a defined manner.

E.g. generate an error message, do some alternative action, use default values if calculated values are found to be incorrect in some way.

This ability of the software to maintain a specified level of performance and not to break when a failure or an unexpected event takes place is called "Fault Tolerance". We can use the word "Robustness" also for this.

An important aspect of reliability refers to the ability of software to reestablish a specified level of performance and recover any data directly affected by the failure.

The "Recoverability" of software can be considered by following two aspects:

1) Fail-over capability: This refers to the ability to maintain continuous system operations even in the event of failure. In this case, the re-establishing of a specified level of performance may actually take place seamlessly and without getting noticed by the end users.

2) Restore capability: This refers to the ability to minimize the effects of a failure on the system's data. If the recovery is required to take place as a result of some catastrophic event like fire or earthquake etc. we call it "Disaster Recovery".

While considering the recoverability aspects of reliability, we need to provide due consideration to the impact of a failure or disruption:

1) The criticality of system failures

2) The consequences of interruptions in normal operations (whether planned or not)

3) The implications of any data losses resulting from failures

What are the activities of Reliability Test Planning?

Test planning focuses on all the reliability attributes & performing following primary activities:

1) Assessment of risks associated with reliability
2) Definition of an appropriate testing approach to address those risks

3) Setting reliability goals

4) Scheduling the tests

Wednesday, August 25, 2010

Most common Test case questions in Interview or Test

Test Case – 1: Test Case for ATM

1) Insertion of ATM card with success.

2) Incorrect ATM Card Insertion – Leading to unsuccessful operation. Can not accepted.

3) ATM Card of an invalid account – Leading to unsuccessful operation. Can not accepted.

4) Successful feeding of ATM PIN Number.

5) Incorrect ATM PIN Number feeding 3 times - Leading to unsuccessful operation. Block the card for whole day. Can not be operated for whole day.

6) Selection of language of operation, with success.

7) Selection of Type of Bank Account with success.

8) Incorrect Bank Account type Selection in respect to the type of ATM Card inserted - Leading to unsuccessful operation.

9) Selection of withdrawal option with success.

10) Selection of Amount to be withdrawn with success.

11) Incorrect Currency denominations - Leading to unsuccessful operation. Can not accept denomination like Rs.50, 250. Should not accept these type of denomination and ask customer to enter proper denominations.

12) Successful completion of withdrawal of money.

13) Amount to be withdrawn in excess of the available Balance - Leading to unsuccessful operation. Should not allowed it and ask for again entering correct values. Should display message like 'Entering amount is greater that available balance, please enter less than or equal to available balance.

14) Shortage of Currency Notes in ATM - Leading to unsuccessful operation. Should display message. Only some of the denomination accepted . e.g Only 500 denomination should enter.

15) Amount to be withdrawn in excess of the daily withdrawal limit - Leading to unsuccessful operation. Should display message ' Daily withdraw limit is XYZ, you should enter less than or equal to XYZ'.

16) ATM link to the Bank Server not available at the moment - Leading to unsuccessful operation.

17) Clicking of the Cancel button after inserting the ATM card - Leading to unsuccessful operation.

18) Clicking of the Cancel button after feeding the ATM PIN Number - Leading to unsuccessful operation.

19) Clicking of the Cancel button after selection of language of operation - Leading to unsuccessful operation.

20) Clicking of the Cancel button after selection of Type of Bank Account - Leading to unsuccessful operation.

21) Clicking of the Cancel button after selection of Amount of withdrawal - Leading to unsuccessful operation.

22) Clicking of the Cancel button after feeding the amount to be withdrawn - Leading to unsuccessful operation.

Test Case – 2: Test Case for a Cell Phone

1) Check the correct insertion of the Battery in the cell phone.

2) Check the proper operation of Switch ON and Switch OFF functions of the cell phone.

3) Check the correct insertion of the SIM Card in the cell phone.

4) Check the correct insertion of one contact name and phone number in the Address book.

5) Check the successful operation of the Incoming call.

6) Check the successful operation of the outgoing call.

7) Check the successful operation of sending and receiving of Short Messages.

8) Check the correct selection & display of all Numbers and special characters.

9) Check the successful deletion of contact name and phone number from the Address book.

10) Check the successful capturing of the home Network from the service provider.

11) Check the successful connectivity of the GPRS facility – if supported on the cell phone.

12) Check the successful connectivity of the EDGE facility – if supported on the cell phone.

Test Case – 3: Test Case for a Traffic Signal

1) Check the presence of three lights like Green, Yellow & Red on the traffic light post.

2) Check the switching sequence of the lights.

3) Check the defined time delay between the switching of lights of defined colors.

4) Check the possibility and accuracy of adjustment in defining the time delay between the switching of various lights depending upon the traffic density.

5) Check the switching ON of light of one color at one particular time.

6) Check the switching of lights from some type of sensor.

Test Case – 4: Test Case for an Elevator

1) Check the capability of Upward & Downward movement.

2) Check the proper stopping at each and every floor.

3) Check the stoppage exactly at the floor whose corresponding number is pressed.

4) Check the automatic upward movement when called by someone from some floor at higher level.

5) Check the automatic downward movement when called by someone from some floor at lower level.

5) Check the proper functioning of the wait function till Close button is pressed.

6) Check the automatic opening of the door in the event of someone trying to step in while the closing of the door is in progress.

7) Check the motion of the elevator without any jerks.

8) Check the load limit prescribed for the elevator – Warn if load limit exceeds.

9) Check the presence & proper functioning of auto descent facility in case of power failure.

10) Check the presence & proper functioning of the communication system in case of power failure.

11) Check the presence & proper functioning of the ventilation system provided.

12) Check the presence & proper functioning of the fire fighting system in case of emergency

When to stop Testing

Many of testers no All the testers came across this question during in interview. And all of us know that the testing never complete but it stops at particular stage. This never show that system is bug free but it ensure that the system can work efficiently now on this stage.
There are many criteria s or assumption on which it stop.

* Stop the testing when the committed / planned testing deadlines are about to expire.
* Stop the testing when we are not able to detect any more errors even after execution of all the planned test Cases.

We can see that both the above statements do not carry any meaning and are contradictory since we can satisfy the first statement even by doing nothing while the second statement is equally meaningless since it can not ensure the quality of our test cases.

Pin pointing the time - when to stop testing is difficult. Many modern software applications are so complex and run in such an Interdependent environment, that complete testing can never be done.

Most common factors helpful in deciding when to stop the testing are:

* Stop the Testing when deadlines like release deadlines or testing deadlines have reached
* Stop the Testing when the test cases have been completed with some prescribed pass percentage.
* Stop the Testing when the testing budget comes to its end.
* Stop the Testing when the code coverage and functionality requirements come to a desired level.
* Stop the Testing when bug rate drops below a prescribed level
* Stop the Testing when the period of beta testing / alpha testing gets over.

Keeping a Track on the Progress of Testing:

Testing metrics can help the testers to take better and accurate decisions; like when to stop testing or when the application is ready for release, how to track testing progress & how to measure the quality of a product at a certain point in the testing cycle.

The best way is to have a fixed number of test cases ready well before the beginning of test execution cycle. Subsequently measure the testing progress by recording the total number of test cases executed using the following metrics which are quite helpful in measuring the quality of the software product

1) Percentage Completion: (Number of executed test cases) / (Total number of test cases)

2) Percentage Test cases Passed: Defined as (Number of passed test cases) / (Number of executed test cases)

3) Percentage Test cases Failed: Defined as (Number of failed test cases) / (Number of executed test cases)

A test case is declared - Failed even when just one bug is found while executing it, otherwise it is considered as - Passed

Scientific Methods to decide when to stop testing:
1) Decision based upon Number of Pass / Fail test Cases:

a) Preparation of predefined number of test cases ready before test execution cycle.

b) Execution of all test cases In every testing cycle.

c) Stopping the testing process when all the test cases get Passed

d) Alternatively testing can be stopped when percentage of failure in the last testing cycle is observed to be extremely low.

2) Decision based upon Metrics:

a) Mean Time Between Failure (MTBF): by recording the average operational time before the system failure.

b) Coverage metrics: by recording the percentage of instructions executed during tests.

c) Defect density: by recording the defects related to size of software like "defects per 1000 lines of code" or the number of open bugs and their severity levels.

Finally How to Decide:
Stop the testing, If:

1) Coverage of the code is good

2) Mean time between failure is quite large

3) Defect density is very low

4) Number of high severity Open Bugs is very low.

Here 'Good', 'Large', 'Low' and 'High' are subjective terms and depend on the type of product being tested. Ultimately, the risk associated with moving the application into production, as well as the risk of not moving forward, must be taken into consideration.

Broad / Universal statement to define the time to stop testing is when:
All the test cases, derived from equivalent partitioning, cause-effect analysis & boundary-value analysis are executed without detecting errors.

Thursday, July 15, 2010

Test Planning (Summary)

Test planning is one of the most important factor in the testing life cycle.
Test planning is the collective approach of testing methodologies and activities.
Following things should be consider at the time of test planning.

Who should do?
 Skills, Roles, Responsibilities
 Team Formation
 Allocating Testing Tasks to Teams
 Allocating Testing Task related activities to individuals

 Task Efforts
- Activity Efforts
 Function Point Analysis
 Wideband Delphi
 Work Breakdown Structure
 Percentage
 Analogy
 Sizing

Feasibility Study & Proof of Concept?

When to do? (Test Execution..etc)
 When to Start
- Entry Criteria
 When to Stop
 When to Continue
 When to End/ Finish
- Exit Criteria
 Scheduling


 Fixed Cost
 Pricing to Win
 Time and Material

 Requirements are not Frozen
 Issues
 Defend Decisions
 Risk Mitigation

Manage Testing?
 Traceability Matrix

 Test Cases
 Change and Review Logs
 Test Results
 Test Reports

Maintenance Plan?
 Defect Tracking and Diagnosis
 Trace Bottlenecks
 Defect Fixes and Re-Tests
 Skills
 Competency
 Quality

 Cost Benefit Analysis

 Agreement
 Satisfaction

Future Plans?
 Explore
 New Business

Test Strategy (Summary )

A test strategy is an outline that describes the testing portion of the software development cycle. It is created to inform project managers, testers, and developers about some key issues of the testing process. This includes the testing objective, methods of testing new functions, total time and resources required for the project, and the testing environment.

In the test strategy is described how the product risks of the stakeholders are mitigated in the test levels, which test types are performed in the test levels, and which entry and exit criteria apply.
The test strategy is created based on development design documents. The system design document is the main one used and occasionally, the conceptual design document can be referred to. The design documents describe the functionalities of the software to be enabled in the upcoming release. For every set of development design, a corresponding test strategy should be created to test the new feature sets.

What to do?
- Identify the Scope of Testing
- Identify Types of Testing to be carried out
- Identify the Testing Tasks
- Identify whether any Testing Tools are required
- Identify whether any Frameworks need to be used
- Identify the Metrics to be collected
- Identify the Deliverables, Dashboard and Reports
- Identify the Factors affecting Quality of Deliverables
- Identify when to complete Testing

How to do?
- Identify the Test Requirements
- Define Target Test Environments
- Identify the Testing Activities to Complete Tasks
- Identify the ways to conduct the Testing Activities
- Identify the Test Cases for the Testing Activities
- Identify Resources for the Testing Activities
- Identify the ways to meet the deliverables
- Identify the ways to improve Quality

For detail analysis click below link

Wednesday, June 23, 2010

Cloud Computing

Cloud computing is a technology that uses the internet and central remote servers to maintain data and applications. Cloud computing allows consumers and businesses to use applications without installation and access their personal files at any computer with internet access. This technology allows for much more efficient computing by centralizing storage, memory, processing and bandwidth.

A simple example of cloud computing is Yahoo email or Gmail etc. You dont need a software or a server to use them. All a consumer would need is just an internet connection and you can start sending emails. The server and email management software is all on the cloud ( internet) and is totally managed by the cloud service provider Yahoo , Google etc. The consumer gets to use the software alone and enjoy the benefits. The analogy is , 'If you only need milk , would you buy a cow ?' All the users or consumers need is to get the benefits of using the software or hardware of the computer like sending emails etc. Just to get this benefit (milk) why should a consumer buy a (cow) software /hardware ?

Cloud computing is a paradigm shift following the shift from mainframe to client–server in the early 1980s. Details are abstracted from the users, who no longer have need for expertise in, or control over, the technology infrastructure "in the cloud" that supports them. Cloud computing describes a new supplement, consumption, and delivery model for IT services based on the Internet and it typically involves over the-Internet-provision of dynamically scalable and often virtualized resources.It is a byproduct and consequence of the ease-of-access to remote computing sites provided by the Internet.

The term "cloud" is used as a metaphor for the Internet, based on the cloud drawing used in the past to represent the telephone network, and later to depict the Internet in computer network diagram as an abstraction of the underlying infrastructure it represents. Typical cloud computing providers deliver common business applications online that are accessed from another Web service or software like a Web browser, while the software and data are stored on servers.

Most cloud computing infrastructure consists of services delivered through data centers and built on servers. Clouds often appear as single points of access for all consumers' computing needs. Commercial offerings are generally expected to meet quality of service (QoS) requirements of customers, and typically include SLAs. The major cloud-only service providers include Salesforce, Amazon and Google.

n general, Cloud computing customers do not own the physical infrastructure, instead avoiding capital expenditure by renting usage from a third-party provider. They consume resources as a service and pay only for resources that they use. Many cloud-computing offerings employ the utility computing model, which is analogous to how traditional utility services (such as electricity) are consumed, whereas others bill on a subscription basis. Sharing "perishable and intangible" computing power among multiple tenants can improve utilization rates, as servers are not unnecessarily left idle (which can reduce costs significantly while increasing the speed of application development). A side-effect of this approach is that overall computer usage rises dramatically, as customers do not have to engineer for peak load limits.[15] In addition, "increased high-speed bandwidth" makes it possible to receive the same response times from centralized infrastructure at other sites.


Cloud computing users can avoid capital expenditure (CapEx) on hardware, software, and services when they pay a provider only for what they use. Consumption is usually billed on a utility (resources consumed, like electricity) or subscription (time-based, like a newspaper) basis with little or no upfront cost. Other benefits of this time sharing-style approach are low barriers to entry, shared infrastructure and costs, low management overhead, and immediate access to a broad range of applications. In general, users can terminate the contract at any time (thereby avoiding return on investment risk and uncertainty), and the services are often covered by service level agreements (SLAs) with financial penalties.

According to Nicholas Carr, the strategic importance of information technology is diminishing as it becomes standardized and less expensive. He argues that the cloud computing paradigm shift is similar to the displacement of electricity generators by electricity grids early in the 20th century.

Although companies might be able to save on upfront capital expenditures, they might not save much and might actually pay more for operating expenses. In situations where the capital expense would be relatively small, or where the organization has more flexibility in their capital budget than their operating budget, the cloud model might not make great fiscal sense. Other factors impacting the scale of any potential cost savings include the efficiency of a company's data center as compared to the cloud vendor's, the company's existing operating costs, the level of adoption of cloud computing, and the type of functionality being hosted in the cloud.

Among the items that some cloud hosts charge for are instances (often with extra charges for high-memory or high-CPU instances); data transfer in and out; storage (measured by the GB-month); I/O requests; PUT requests and GET requests; IP addresses; and load balancing. In some cases, users can bid on instances, with pricing dependent on demand for available instances.

Cloud computing is broken down into three segments: "applications," "platforms," and "infrastructure." Each segment serves a different purpose and offers different products for businesses and individuals around the world.

Applications: It's all On Demand
So far the applications segment of cloud computing is the only segment that has proven useful as a business model.
On Demand software services come in a few different varieties which vary in their pricing scheme and how the software is delivered to the end users. In the past, the end-user would generally purchase a servers and is accessed by the end user over the internet. While this is the most common platform for On Demand software services, there are also some slightly different offerings which can be described as a hybrid of these two platforms. For instance, a program through which the end user pays a license fee, but then accesses the software over the internet from centralized servers is considered a hybrid service.

Who is Offering On Demand Software? - The companies below are already established in the On-Demand software or SaaS business. These companies charge their customers a subscription fee and in return host software on central servers that are accessed by the end user via the internet.

e.g. Google,, NetSuite, Teleo etc..

Who is Offering Traditional Software? - The following companies have established themselves as traditional software providers. These companies sell licenses to their users, who then run the software from on premise servers.
e.g SAP. Oracle etc..

Many of the companies that started out providing On Demand application services have developed platform services as well. The platform segment of cloud computing refers to products that are used to deploy internet. NetSuite, Amazon, Google, and Microsoft have also developed platforms that allow users to access applications from centralized servers.

Active platforms - The following companies are some that have developed platforms that allow end users to access applications from centralized servers using the internet. Next to each company is the name of their platform.

* Google (GOOG) - Apps Engine
* (AMZN) - EC2
* Microsoft (MSFT) - Windows Live
* Terremark Worldwide (TMRK) - The Enterprise Cloud
* (CRM) -
* NetSuite (N) - Suiteflex
* Rackspace Cloud - cloudservers, cloudsites, cloudfiles
* Metrisoft - Metrisoft SaaS Platform


The final segment in cloud computing, known as the infrastructure, is very much the backbone of the entire concept. Infrastructure vendors environments (such as Google gears) that allow users to build applications. Cloud storage, such as Amazon's S3, is also considered to be part of the infrastructure segment.

* Major Infrastructure Vendors - Below are companies that provide infrastructure services:
o Google (GOOG) - Managed hosting, development environment
o International Business Machines (IBM) - Managed hosting
o SAVVIS (SVVS) - Managed hosting
o Terremark Worldwide (TMRK) - Managed hosting
o (AMZN) - Cloud storage
o Rackspace Hosting (RAX) - Managed hosting & cloud computing

Key features
* Agility improves with users' ability to rapidly and inexpensively re-provision technological infrastructure resources.

* Cost is claimed to be greatly reduced and capital expenditure is converted to operational expenditure. This ostensibly lowers barriers to entry, as infrastructure is typically provided by a third-party and does not need to be purchased for one-time or infrequent intensive computing tasks. Pricing on a utility computing basis is fine-grained with usage-based options and fewer IT skills are required for implementation (in-house).

* Device and location independence:enable users to access systems using a web browser regardless of their location or what device they are using (e.g., PC, mobile). As infrastructure is off-site (typically provided by a third-party) and accessed via the Internet, users can connect from anywhere.

* Multi-tenancy enables sharing of resources and costs across a large pool of users thus allowing for:
o Centralization of infrastructure in locations with lower costs (such as real estate, electricity, etc.)
o Peak-load capacity increases (users need not engineer for highest possible load-levels)
o Utilization and efficiency improvements for systems that are often only 10–20% utilized.

* Reliability is improved if multiple redundant sites are used, which makes well designed cloud computing suitable for business continuity and disaster recovery. Nonetheless, many major cloud computing services have suffered outages, and IT and business managers can at times do little when they are affected.

* Scalability via dynamic ("on-demand") provisioning of resources on a fine-grained, self-service basis near real-time, without users having to engineer for peak loads. Performance is monitored, and consistent and loosely coupled architectures are constructed using web services as the system interface.One of the most important new methods for overcoming performance bottlenecks for a large class of applications is data parallel programming on a distributed data grid.

* Security could improve due to centralization of data, increased security-focused resources, etc., but concerns can persist about loss of control over certain sensitive data, and the lack of security for stored kernels. Security is often as good as or better than under traditional systems, in part because providers are able to devote resources to solving security issues that many customers cannot afford. Providers typically log accesses, but accessing the audit logs themselves can be difficult or impossible. Furthermore, the complexity of security is greatly increased when data is distributed over a wider area and / or number of devices.
* Maintenance cloud computing applications are easier to maintain, since they don't have to be installed on each user's computer. They are easier to support and to improve since the changes reach the clients instantly.
* Metering cloud computing resources usage should be measurable and should be metered per client and application on daily, weekly, monthly, and annual basis. This will enable clients on choosing the vendor cloud on cost and reliability (QoS).

The Cloud model has been criticized by privacy advocates for the greater ease in which the companies hosting the Cloud services control, and thus, can monitor at will, lawfully or unlawfully, the communication and data stored between the user and the host company. Instances such as the secret NSA program, working with AT&T, and Verizon, which recorded over 10 million phone calls between American citizens, causes uncertainty among privacy advocates, and the greater powers it gives to telecommunication companies to monitor user activity. While there have been efforts (such as US-EU Safe Harbor) to "harmonise" the legal environment, providers such as Amazon still cater to major markets (typically the United States and the European Union) by deploying local infrastructure and allowing customers to select "availability zones

The relative security of cloud computing services is a contentious issue which may be delaying its adoption.[82] Some argue that customer data is more secure when managed internally, while others argue that cloud providers have a strong incentive to maintain trust and as such employ a higher level of security.

Wednesday, May 26, 2010

HP QC Certification Questions and Answers: 5

Q. 41: To set a Quick Test Professional test as a template test, right-click the test in the test plan tree, and choose _________

A. Template Test   
B. Template Tree     
C. Template Plan    
D. Template

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 42: You can change the label of any of the test detail fields.

A. True                                             
B. False

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 43: A question mark icon in the test plan tree indicates that the QuickTest Professional add-in is _________ on your machine.

A. Not activated       
B. Not installed      
C. Not enabled        
D. Not set

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 44: A ________ link is included in the e-mail, enabling the recipient to go directly to the test.

A. Link To Test         
B. Move To Test       
C. Go To Test                     
D. Test

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 45: In the Test Plan module, you create ________ by selecting requirements to link to a test.

A. RTM          
B. Requirements coverage         
C. Test coverage     

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 46: Alternatively, in the Requirements module, you create _______ by selecting tests to link to a requirement.

A. RTM          
B. Requirements coverage           
C. Test coverage   

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 47: A test can cover more than one requirement, and a requirement can be covered by only one test.

A. True                                  
B. False

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 48: You can also create coverage between test instances and requirements. You can enable this feature using the __________ parameter in Site Administration

D. None of above

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 49: Requirements coverage is created automatically when you convert a requirement to a test. Therefore, even if you have not yet added requirements coverage, it may already exist.

A. True                                 
B. False

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 50: You can also define requirements coverage by dragging a requirement in the requirements tree to the coverage grid. The requirement is added to the coverage grid without its child requirements.

A. True                                 
B. False

HP QC Certification Questions and Answers: 4

Q. 31: QA Manager changes a requirement from a ___________ status to a Reviewed status once it is approved.

A. Released             
B. Tested                  
C. Not reviewed     
D. None of the above

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 32: You can also import requirements to your Quality Center project from Microsoft Word, Excel, or other third-party requirement management tools. To import requirements, you must first install the appropriate _____________

A. HP Third Party add-in.                           
B. HP Quality Center add-in.
C. HP Quality Center                                             
D. HP Quality Center License

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 33: The Requirements Grid view enables you to display requirements in a _________ view.

A. Flat            
B. Hierarchical         
C. Flat-hierarchical 
D. Flat non-hierarchical

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 34: The _________ view enables you to analyze the breakdown of child requirements according to test coverage status.

A. Coverage Analysis                               
B. Coverage Requirements
C. Coverage                                     
D. Coverage Tests

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 35: You can access the Requirements menu bar from the Requirements module by pressing the shortcut key ___________.

A. F1                          
B. F9             
C. Ctrl + R                 
D. Alt + R

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 36: You can use the ____________to restrict and dynamically change the fields and values in the Requirements module.

A. Script Edit            
B. Scriptor Editor     
C. Script Editor      
D. Script Editing

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 37: The Requirements module enables you to define and manage your _________

A. Requirements                            
B. All requirements                                     
C. Some requirements                  
D. Tedious requirements

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

38: You can rename or delete Requirements root folder.

A. True                                              
B. False

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 39: You can search for a particular requirement in the requirements tree or in the requirements grid using the _________ command.

A. Search                 
B. Find                      
C. Search All                       
D. Find All

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 40: You can replace field values in the requirements tree or in the requirements grid using the ___________command.

A. Replace               
B. Replace All            
C. Find & Replace  
D. Replace & Find

HP QC Certification Questions and Answers: 3

Q. 21: The ________ can send messages to users connected to Quality Center projects informing them about important maintenance or other issues.

A. Site administer               
B. Site Controller
C. Site Analyser                  
D: Site administrator

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 22: Quality Center organizes and displays data in ________

A. Grids         
B. Trees                    
C. Folders                 
D: Both A & B

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 23: You can no longer customize data by specifying the order in which columns appear, and by changing column size.

A. True                                  
B. False

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 24: You can filter Quality Center data to display only those records that meet the criteria that you define.

A. True                                 
B. False

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 25: When defining a filter, you can also include a cross filter. This is an advanced ________ on an associated item such as requirements, tests, test sets, or defects.

A. Secondary filter                          
B. Primary filter
C. Cross filter                                             
D: Second filter

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>
Q. 26: By default, records appear in Quality Center according to the ________

A. Increasing order                         
B. Decreasing order
C. Order in which they were added.     
D: Order in which they were deleted.

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 27: You cannot copy and paste the filter, sort, and group by settings to and from the Clipboard.

A. True                                              
B. False

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>
Q. 28: You can use text search to search for records in predefined fields of the ________

A. Requirements, Test Plan, and Defects modules.
B. Releases, Test Plan, and Defects modules.
C. Requirements and Defects modules.
D: Requirements, Execute Tests, and Defects modules.

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>
Q. 29: If you have defined filter conditions for a module, you can restrict the search to the filtered records, or you can search all records in the module

A. True                                 
B. False

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>
Q. 30: Text search is only available if it has been enabled for the project.

A. True                                 
B. False

HP QC Certification Questions and Answers: 2

Q. 11: You access Quality Center over the _______ via a Web browser.

A. Internet                 
B. a corporate intranet        
C. Mobile Internet   
D: Both A & B

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 12:Quality Center also features a sophisticated system for tracking application defects, enabling you to monitor defects closely from initial detection until resolution.

A. True                                 
B. False

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 13: Test management with Quality Center involves five phases:

A. Specify Releases, Specify Requirements, Plan Tests, Execute Tests, Run Tests.
B. Specify Releases, Specify Requirements, Plan Tests, Execute Tests, Track Defects.
C. Specify Releases, Specify Requirements, Plan Tests, Execute Tests, Analyze Tests.
D: Specify Releases, Specify Requirements, Plan Tests, Analyze Tests, Track Defects.

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 14: Each Quality Center project is supported by a _______ that stores project information.

A. Root folder                       
B. Database            
C. Flat File                
D: Both B & C

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 15: Quality Center enables you to manage user access to a project. The_______ determines the privileges that the user has within a project.

A. QC group                                     
B. User_Account group
C. Account group                            
D: user group

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 16: You can import data from _______ to a Quality Center project.

A. Word or Notepad                        
B. Word or Wordpad
C. Word or Excel                           
D: Word or Power Point

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 17: You launch Quality Center on your machine from your Web browser.

A. True                                 
B. False

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 18: Quality Center prompts you to install _______ if it is not already installed on your machine.

A. Microsoft Java 2.0                                  
B. Microsoft Visio 13.0
C. Microsoft Visual studio 2.0       
D: Microsoft .NET Framework 2.0

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 19: Quality Center has the following modules, which are accessible from the sidebar:

A. Releases, Requirements, Test Plan, Test Lab, Defects, Analysis
B. Releases, Requirements, Test Plan, Test Lab, Defects, Business Components
C. Releases, Requirements, Test Plan, Test Lab, Defects, Analysis
D: Releases, Requirements, Test Plan, Test Lab, Defects

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 20: When you customize your project, you can instruct Quality Center to preserve a log of values for the system and user fields in your Requirement, Test, Test Set, Test Instance, and Defect entities.

A. True                                 
B. False

HP QC Certification Questions and Answers 1

Q. 1: You can export the data in a grid as a ______

A. Text file, Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Word, or HTML document.
B. Text file, Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Word
C. Text file, Microsoft Excel, or HTML document.
D: Microsoft Excel, Microsoft Word, or HTML document.

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 2: When a requirement, test, or defect changes, Quality Center alerts the associated entities and can notify those responsible for any associated entities.

A. True                                 
B. False

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 3: A ______ indicates that the alert is new. A gray flag indicates that the alert has already been read.

A. Green flag                                   
B. Pink flag
C. Red flag                          
D: Blue flag

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 4: Quality Center enables you to add your own alerts, in addition to automatic traceability notifications. You can use ______ flags to remind yourself to follow up on something.

A. Alert Me    
B. Follow up                       
C. Follow Me            
D: Follow

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 5: Throughout the testing process, you can add attachments to help illustrate your work.

A. True                                 
B. False

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 6: You can use a Uniform Resource Locator (URL) to a Quality Center record as an attachment.

A. True                                 
B. False

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 7: A follow up flag is specific to your user login name. Anyone else viewing the record does not see your follow up alert.

A. True                                 
B. False

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 8: A _________ is a view of a Quality Center window with the settings you apply to it.

A. Personal view                             
B. My view
C. Favorite view                             
D: Fav view

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 9: By default, Quality Center displays the four most recently used views on the Favorites menu. You can define the number of views displayed on the menu by setting the ______ parameter in the Site Configuration tab in Site Administration.

A. FAVORITES_DEPTH                           
C. FAVORITE_DEPTH                                          

<<<<<< =================== >>>>>>

Q. 10: You save favorite views in either a ______ folder or a _______ folder. Views in a
________ folder are accessible to all users. Views in a ________ folder are accessible only to the user who created them.

A. Public, private, public, private                       
B. Root, Base, Root, Base,
C. Locked, unlocked, locked, unlocked  
D: Both B & C